By Martha Derthick
The authors pay attention to 3 situations of deregulation: airways, trucking, and telecommunications. They locate vital similarities one of the circumstances and talk about the results of those findings for 2 broader themes: the position that fiscal research has performed in coverage switch, and the ability of the yank political method for transcending slender pursuits.
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Extra resources for The Politics of Deregulation
16. More generally, for major statements asserting the power of particularistic, well-organized interests at the expense of broad, diffuse interests, see Grant McConnell, Private Power and American Democracy (Alfred A. Knopf, 1966), especially chap. 10; Robert A. Dahl and Charles E. Lindblom, Politics, Economics and Welfare (Harper and Row, 1953). especially chap. 12; and David B. Truman, The Governmental Process (Alfred A. Knopf. 1951). 25. James Q. Wilson, The Politics of Regulation (Basic Books, 1980), p.
More fundamentally, though, the recent history of deregulation raises the highly significant theoretical question of how particularistic, well-organized interests can successfully be subordinated to diffuse, far more encompassing, but ill-organized interests. We seek above all to specify the conditions and processes by which this occurred in a set of important cases. 32. For an account of retrenchment through the budget process, see John W. S. Domestic Spending: How They Affect State and Local Governments (Transaction Books, 1982).
However, we face the difficulty that the telecommunications case is unlike the other two in important respects. Given the fundamentally competitive structure of the airline and trucking industries, government regulation had only to fall away for the policymakers' underlying goal of enhanced competition to be realized. Reform was uncomplicated conceptually, and achievement of it was swift. The telecommunications case is quite another matter. Policy change has been far more prolonged, problematic, and inconclusive.