By Aristotle Aristotle
A touchstone in Western debates approximately society and executive, the Politics is Aristotle's vintage paintings at the nature of political group. right here, he discusses the advantages and defects of assorted regimes or methods of organizing political neighborhood - democracy particularly - and within the approach examines such topics as slavery, economics, the relations, citizenship, justice, and revolution.
summary: A touchstone in Western debates approximately society and govt, the Politics is Aristotle's vintage paintings at the nature of political neighborhood. right here, he discusses the advantages and defects of varied regimes or methods of organizing political neighborhood - democracy specifically - and within the technique examines such matters as slavery, economics, the kinfolk, citizenship, justice, and revolution
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Additional resources for The politics of Aristotle : a treatise on government
Now when any matter is brought to arbitration, it is customary for many persons to confer together upon the business that is before them; but when a cause is brought before judges it is not so; and many legislators take care that the judges shall not have it in their power to communicate their sentiments to each other. Besides, what can prevent confusion on the bench when one judge thinks a fine should be different from what another has set it at; one proposing twenty minae, another ten, or be it more or less, another four, and another five; and it is evident, that in this manner they will differ from each other, while some will give the whole damages sued for, and others nothing; in this situation, how shall their determinations be settled?
The members of every state must of necessity have all things in common, or some things common, and not others, or nothing at all common. To have nothing in common is evidently impossible, for society itself is one species of [1261a] community; and the first thing necessary thereunto is a common place of habitation, namely the city, which must be one, and this every citizen must have a share in. But in a government which is to be well founded, will it be best to admit of a community in everything which is capable thereof, or only in some particulars, but in others not?
In the next place, fault may be found with his unequal division of property, for some will have far too much, others too little; by which means the land will come into few hands, which business is badly regulated by his laws. For he made it infamous for any one either to buy or sell their possessions, in which he did right; but he permitted any one that chose it to give them away, or bequeath them, although nearly the same consequences will arise from one practice as from the other. It is supposed that near two parts in five of the whole country is the property of women, owing to their being so often sole heirs, and having such large fortunes in marriage; though it would be better to allow them none, or a little, or a certain regulated proportion.