Download Empire of the Islamic World (Great Empires of the Past) by Robin Santos Doak PDF

By Robin Santos Doak

This well-written reference source explores the Islamic Empire's society, tradition, and way of life, together with structure and paintings; astronomy and arithmetic; customs, vacations, activities, and meals; executive platforms; and alternate; language and literature; army constitution and procedure; and mythology and non secular ideals. whereas Islam, the world's second-largest faith, is the obvious legacy of the Islamic Empire, the political and clinical contributions are both bold. Islamic Empire addresses those and different vital connections to our smooth international.

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52 PA RT I I SOCIETY AND CULTURE Society in the Islamic Empire Living in the Islamic Empire Islamic Art, Science, and Culture 53 CHAPTER 4 Society in the Islamic Empire AS THE ISLAMIC EMPIRE GREW AND EXPANDED, ITS GOVERNment had to evolve to meet the needs of the changing situation. The different styles of government and leadership throughout the history of the empire reflect the efforts of caliphs to maintain control of the wide variety of lands and people in their realms. The Caliphate and the Umayyad Dynasty The first governmental organization of the Islamic Empire centered on the caliph, the successor of Muhammad.

The new dynasty followed the lead of Persian royalty, assigning themselves divine powers and demanding total authority in all matters, both religious and political. The Abbasid caliphs and their families also wrapped themselves in a mantle of mystery and ceremony, taking the idea of royalty to new heights. ” Unlike the earliest caliphs, the Abbasid rulers held themselves and their family apart from the common people. Instead of going through a doorkeeper, as in Umayyad times, people hoping to meet with the Abbasid caliphs had to first make their pleas to a series of chamberlains.

They could not ride horses or bear arms. They also had to wear distinctive clothing that signified their religion. They were not allowed to testify against a Muslim in a court of law, and they could not live in Mecca or Medina. Depending upon the current caliph, these and other restrictions might be eased or tightened. Although the restrictions might seem designed to encourage dhimmis to convert to Islam, most Muslims were content to allow them to retain their own religions; the Muslims preferred having the income from the dhimmis’ head tax.

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