Download Challenge to Apollo: The Soviet Union and the Space Race, by Asif A. Siddiqi, NASA History Office PDF

By Asif A. Siddiqi, NASA History Office

An in-depth background of the gap race among the united states and the Soviet Union.

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Additional info for Challenge to Apollo: The Soviet Union and the Space Race, 1945-1974 (NASA History Series SP-2000-4408)

Sample text

While not interested in the A-4. Shakhurin was, however, much more attracted to the capabilities of the Fi- 103 cruise missile. Perhaps because of its physical similarity to aircraft, Shakhurin and Dementyev believed that this weapon held greater promise. This interest in the cruise missile helped start the third wartime rocketry effort, other than Glushko's OKB-SD and Bolkhovitinov's NII- I-one to reproduce the German Fi- 103. The job went to a brilliant thirty-year-old mathematician named Vladimir Nikolayev~chChelomey, whose later role as one of the powerhouses of the Soviet space program would be the stuff of legends.

Lt. ) G. Krasnaya zuezda. Apr~l1 , 1989, pp. 3-4. I. Semenov, under whose leadership he was to study captured German Fi- 103 and A-4 missiles. The entire effort was coordinated by the Communist Party through the auspices of Maj. General Lev M. ^' It is not clear whether the NII-l Raketa group had any significant personal Interaction with artillery officers Tyulin or Semenov, but clearly their individual findings were coordinated. "'" In studying the Fi-103 cruise missile. Tyulin was evidently not impressed with its wartime capabilities and concluded that it would not be worthwhile to engage in immediately developing a replica of the vehlcle.

After looking at him, I began to cry most bitterly. He went back into the office. " The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, no doubt on orders from the NKVD, signed an official order (protocol no. 18) on July 27. 1944. "" The effects of the decree went into effect on August 10, but ~tIS clear that given the wartime conditions and the continuing threatening nature of the NKVD, little changed In either of their Ilves. In fact, both Korolev and Glushko still officially remained convicts of the Soviet state because their original sentences were not overturned.

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