By André N. Chouraqui
Original 12 months of publication: 1968
With the tragic destruction of important and East ecu Jewries, the Oriental Jewish groups have grown in value within the balance-sheet of Jewish existence.
This publication is the results of two decades of analysis into the Jewish groups of North Africa and covers a interval of greater than thousand years within the historical past of these communities.
Though the origins of the North African Jewish groups are vague, one simple truth is obvious: Jews have been current and have been fascinated about the historic improvement of that a part of the area, in particular in the course of its domination by means of the Roman Empire, the reigns of the Vandals and Byzantines, and as much as the emergence and next conquest of that area by means of the Moslems towards the top of the 7th century. the writer deals a desirable research of this virtually unknown interval of North African Jewish history.
In the second one a part of the booklet the writer discusses the historical past of the trendy Algerian, Tunisian, and Moroccan Jewish groups. uncomplicated evidence emerge: the typical destiny which makes those numerous groups a unmarried unit, and their range of beginning and culture. the writer makes an attempt a cultural research of this variety through featuring a quick yet interesting exposition of the Oriental, Spanish, mystical, and Arab-Berber parts of those groups, and an account in their reactions to trendy tendencies and affects. hence, it seems that those groups, secluded until eventually lately and trustworthy to their traditions, constituted while the most excellent examples of a quick transition from the Oriental culture to the trendy world.
The writer offers us a cautious account of the heritage of those groups lower than French domination and describes their demographic constitution, their social adjustments, and their folklore and traditions. His description of lifestyles within the ghetto is efficient and ambitious, and explains why the emancipation has taken at the personality of a social explosion.
Dr. Chouraqui, who used to be a private adviser of best Minister Ben Gurion at the query of integration, deals a willing research of the issues dealing with Jews of North Africa in Israel.
The ebook is obviously written and amply documented. It comprises various statistical tables, felony texts, bibliographies, and indexes.
Between East and West is a precious contribution to our knowing of “the forgotten million” that after comprised the nice Jewish groups of North Africa.
Source: Retail PDF through library. now not marked as retail due to removing of watermarks and navigation on the best of every web page, yet nonetheless retail quality.
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Extra info for Between East and West: A history of the Jews of North Africa
Hassan ibn al Nu’man el Ghassani, the Arab governor of Egypt, led the Arab forces at that period. “Hassan, having destroyed Carthage, demanded to know which was the most powerful chieftain in Ifrikya. He was told of a woman who ruled the Berbers and who was commonly known by the name of Ka-hena. She dwelt, so he was told, in the Aures mountains. This Jewish woman could foretell the future and all that she predicted came to pass without fail. If she were killed, Hassan was told, he would meet no further resistance or rivalry.
In 670, Carthage having been reduced to ruins, the Arabs established their main base and capital at Kairouan (“Stronghold” in Arabic). It nevertheless required another half century for the entire Maghreb to be captured and for the Arabs to be in a position to consider launching their assault on Spain. Despite the conquest of Afri- 34 B E TWEEN EAST AND WEST ca and even the almost complete conversion of its inhabitants to Islam, the Berber resistance had not been broken. The Botr and the Beranese had made good use of the camel since its introduction by the Romans into North Africa, and over the centuries, in their struggles against Romans, Vandals and Byzantines, they had become the undisputed masters of the Maghreb.
When foods forbidden by Jewish law were distributed, the Jews received their value in silver. As Roman citizens, the Jews were subject to the Roman penal code and its punishments, but were exempt from local tortures. ) Augustus waived the last restrictions connected with the exercise of the jus honorum. Jews who had been elected to the magistracy, the equestrian class or the Senate were to be found even among the prefects and were eligible to be proconsuls. , and in North Africa, where the indigenous Jews were reinforced by those fleeing from Palestine, it enabled them to spread the influence of Judaism among the Berber masses, ignoring the limits of national or racial origin.