By A. Shoman
Belize, a small British colony in primary the US confronted with a territorial declare and army threats from neighboring Guatemala, overcame risks of dimension and tool via enforcing a technique of internationalization that applied new overseas norms and foreign organisations, specifically the Non-Aligned flow and the United countries. This booklet, written by way of a key participant within the independence fight, info the historical past of the territorial declare and of the overseas crusade that made it attainable for Belize to accomplish safe independence with all its territory regardless of pressures from Britain and the U.S. to cede land and compromise its sovereignty.
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Extra resources for Belize's Independence and Decolonization in Latin America: Guatemala, Britain, and the UN (Studies of the Americas)
Here, negotiation is used as a tool that has to do with dispute resolution (in that, for example, it is an alternative to the use of force) but that is a process in which at least one party does not expect the negotiation itself to produce an agreement. All social relations—in the family, in the workplace, in relations between states—utilize negotiation as a form of dispute resolution. Central to the concept of negotiation, whether it is openly recognized or lurking in the background, is the idea of compromise, that in order to reach agreement each side must give up something.
Normally, the GA meets in the last four months of each year, and begins with the “general debate,” often addressed by heads of state or government and foreign ministers on the issues that interest them. Matters that will be brought to the Assembly for decision are first discussed in the relevant committees, which then submit their drafts to the Assembly for decision by resolution; in the case of decolonization issues, this is the Fourth Committee. On dealing with a matter, the committee usually holds a general discussion, then a draft resolution is prepared, usually with a number of “cosponsors”; a resolution with a large number of cosponsors indicates broad support.
59 It was finally agreed, at Kennedy’s suggestion, that the best solution would be to call an election and arrange for a coalition government of Burnham’s and another minority party to win; this was in fact achieved by Britain imposing the proportional representation system in 1964. S. wishes affecting countries in its “backyard”; this did not augur well for Belize. William Rogers, who as Henry Kissinger’s assistant secretary of state for Latin America until 1977 dealt with British officials on the Belize question, was brutally blunt on the question: Latin America probably yields less evidence of a unique relationship between the United States and the United Kingdom than any other part of the world .