By Andrea S. Wiley
Highlighting the jobs of ecology, tradition, historical past, and political financial system, this booklet considers how the original mountain ecology and socio-cultural styles of the Himalayan area of Ladakh give a contribution to a unusual development of boy or girl mortality. It stresses the burdens of women's paintings during this quarter as an important to beginning end result. An instance of a brand new style of anthropological paintings referred to as "ethnographic human biology," this examine makes use of the technique of human biology yet strongly emphasizes the ethnographic context that gives that means for human organic measures.
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Extra resources for An Ecology of High-Altitude Infancy: A Biocultural Perspective
Thus, responses to one stressor can easily result in negative effects with regard to another, just as responses that are adaptive in the short term can become problematic in the long term (Mazess 1975). The outcome of such actions is not likely to be a “perfect ﬁt” between the individual and the environment. Adaptation is compromise; every response or preventive mechanism comes at some cost, and sometimes multiple stresses are acting simultaneously. Given the heterogeneity of resources available, challenges to, and priorities of an individual or group, adaptation in one realm is likely to have repercussions in other domains (it may be effective but inefﬁcient).
As noted before, human biology is plastic; it is capable of changing in response to conditions encountered over the course of the life span. The environment in which growth and development occurs is particularly important, as it can leave indelible marks on an individual’s biology. Stresses encountered while an individual is growing up may manifest as reduced growth or compromised physiological or psychological function, and they can affect the way an adult responds to current stresses. The other forces of evolution shape the body as well and have health implications.
Women freely engage in interactions with unrelated men and are active vendors in the vegetable bazaar in the main town. They engage in valued productive work and control the distribution of food in the household and the proﬁts and produce from large household gardens. Moreover, Ladakh is one of the few places where polyandry was traditionally practiced, and some authors have idealized this marital form as an institution that fosters the empowerment of Ladakhi women (Norberg-Hodge 1991; Rizvi 1983).