Download Alessandro Torlonia: The Pope’s Banker by Daniela Felisini PDF

By Daniela Felisini

This publication offers a bright biography of a towering Italian banker, pioneer and entrepreneur. It weaves the entrepreneurial ventures of Alessandro Torlonia (1800-1886) throughout the narratives of commercial and politics within the 19th century, the expansion of eu monetary markets and the decline of Papal energy throughout the Italian Risorgimento. The dialogue is based in rigorous old examine utilizing unique assets akin to the Archivum Secretum Vaticanum papers and different legit files; the data of the Torlonia family members, and of the Rothschild financial institution in Paris; memoirs; correspondences, and newspapers. via this booklet readers research that Alessandro Torlonia was once a guy of many faces, who used to be probably the most complicated and influential characters of Italian fiscal existence within the 19th century. Felisini additionally presents knowledgeable critique of the monetary heritage of the papacy: a space of heightened curiosity given the notoriety of relatives among the Holy See and its bankers within the 20th and twenty-first centuries. Focal subject matters corresponding to the background of eu elites and the background of eu monetary markets can have an interdisciplinary charm for students and researchers.

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See also Swedberg, Entrepreneurship. 42 On this topic see the study by De Felice, La vendita dei Beni nazionali, whose principal sources were the deeds of sale kept in the Trenta Notai Capitolini collection, ASR. 43 Woolf, “La storia politica e sociale,” 219–21. 40 2 Origins and Rise of the Torlonia Family and Bank 29 fragile Republican government, however, was not able to reconcile aims that were too conflicting, such as the need for funds and attempts to draw paper currency out of the system, or plans to redistribute land ownership and agreements with power groups; these would have been a challenge for any government.

33 Formica, La città e la rivoluzione, 66–67, 175–76.  Annona, b. 39, fasc. 47. 35 See De Cupis, Le vicende dell’agricoltura e della pastorizia nell’agro romano; Canaletti Gaudenti, La politica agraria e annonaria dello Stato Pontificio; Tilly, “Food supply and public order”; Palermo and Strangio, “Politiche dell’alimentazione e carestie”; Miller, Mastering the Market. 36 Formica, “La legislazione annonaria e le rivolte per il pane”; Revel, Le grain de Rome et la crise de l’Annone; La Marca, L’abolizione del vincolismo annonario.

In May 1798, acting in great haste, the Republican government put a large number of properties in public ownership up for sale, along with those that had been expropriated from Church institutions and religious orders. 42 Carried out partly by the Republican government and partly by the French authorities, the auctions were subject to pressure and corruption; property was often sold below its value, not least because it could be paid for using the depreciated cedole which the authorities, by this means, were attempting to withdraw from circulation.

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