Download Action and knowledge: breaking the monopoly with by Orlando Fals-Borda, Mohammad Anisur Rahman PDF

By Orlando Fals-Borda, Mohammad Anisur Rahman

Motion and data attracts on two decades of expertise with the strategies and philosophy of Participatory Action-Research (PAR). PAR is an leading edge method of financial and social switch, which matches past ordinary institutional obstacles in improvement by way of actively related to the folks in producing wisdom approximately their very own and the way it may be replaced. PAR calls for a powerful dedication by way of engaging social scientists to deprofessionalize their services and proportion it with the folk, whereas spotting that the groups without delay concerned have the severe voice in settling on the course and ambitions of swap as topics instead of gadgets. PAR has its origins within the paintings of 3rd international social scientists greater than 3 a long time in the past as they introduced new how one can empower the oppressed by means of assisting them to obtain trustworthy wisdom on which to build countervailing strength. It has considering that unfold in the course of the global, as mirrored during this booklet with contributions from Asia, Africa Latin the USA and North the United States within the kind of case experiences of tangible adventure with the PAR strategy. PAR isn't static and glued yet dynamic and enduring, because the case stories and the theoretical chapters that precede and stick with the case experiences amply show.

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As our approach gained respectability, many officials and researchers began to claim that they were working with PAR 28 Action and Knowledge when in actuality they were doing something quite different. This challenged us to sharpen the conceptions so that there was no confusion, to develop defense responses against cooptation and to dilute manipulation by established institutions. Of course, cooptation appears to be a natural process since it has affected any worthwhile principle of social life, such as democracy, cooperation and socialism, and is in fact a measure of the popular appeal of such principles.

Reflection on the action made it possible to accumulate knowledge on the day-to-day processes, problems, fears and limitations involved in taking collective action. But more importantly, reflection revealed the key role of culture in its different manifestations as a factor of resistance to oppression and as a tool for strengthening forms of struggle. This kind of reflection made it possible for each experience to yield lessons on participation. On this level of analysis, priority was given to knowledge that, going beyond the facts and beyond the problem at hand, placed emphasis on the collective discovery of the best courses of action.

In this regard their emergence should result in the erosion of the power structure, at least locally. It was thus necessary for the people's word to take on an assertive power in order to improve their ability to negotiate. Further, the process of generating knowledge must contribute to broadening the exercise of grassroots democracy and to strengthening the people's organizations. These conditions meant that priority would be placed on generating and collectively processing knowledge within two main social contexts, the first occurring in various types of community and regional events.

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