By P. G. von Mollendorff
A Manchu Grammar: with Analysed Texts
Paul Georg von Mollendorff
--Alphabet (Table) Pronunciation
--Harmony of Vowels
--Diphthongs and Triphthongs
--Word adjustments and overseas phrases
--Nouns and Adjectives, Terminations, Plural Case Affixes
--Verbs, Derivation, Moods and Tenses, Irregularities, Negation
Manchu Texts with Translation and research
Index of Affixes and phrases
Appendix--European Literature Treating on Manchu
There is as but no grammar of the Manchu language in English. Wylie's translation of Tsing Wan Ki Mung, Shanghai, 1855, one of those Mauchu hand-book for using chinese language, although worthwhile and entire of curiosity, is not at all a grammar.
The normal curiosity taken in each language will, after all, be additionally prolonged to Manchu; nonetheless a couple of phrases appear essential to exhibit the actual usefulness of its research.
There exist in all approximately 25O works in Manchu, the majority of which arc translations from the chinese language. They encompass translations from the Classics, a few ancient and metaphysical works, literary essays, collections of recognized writers, novels, poetry, legislation and rules, Imperial edicts, dictionaries, word books, ere. almost all these translations are very good, yet they're all literal. carried out lower than the eyes of clever princes, they shape a competent expression of the which means of the chinese language textual content and feature for this reason a correct to recognition equivalent to that loved through commentaries of fine writers. Manchu being infinitely more straightforward to profit than chinese language, those translations are a good aid in the direction of acquiring a transparent perception into chinese language syntax, and students like Stanislas Julien, who owed the notable precision in his renderings to his wisdom of Manchu, have time and again pointed this out. In a letter addressed to Dr. Legge he alludes to the research of Manchu as being of serious information in translating the Classics. Dr. Legge, although, within the preface to his translation of the Shuking, suggested himself opposed to it. the explanations complex through this nice pupil should not very cogent, and, in reality, no longer figuring out the language, he was once hardly ever useful to pass judgement on. yet, whether he have been correct, others can be in a unique place. Dr. Legge used to be maybe extra lucky or extra talented than most folks and had a radical mastery of chinese language on the time while St. Julien wrote to him. those that locate chinese language tougher will be apt to think about the Manchu translations an excellent support.
This grammar being meant for the sensible objective of guiding the coed in...
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