By G. Charlesworth
In A heritage of British Motorways, Dr Charlesworth provides a desirable account of ways political and social attitudes referring to motorways have evolved. He describes the early highway guidelines earlier than and among the 2 international Wars and is going directly to disguise the construction speeded up within the Sixties; in spite of the fact that, through the Nineteen Seventies objections started to be raised on environmental and social grounds.These, coupled with the oil drawback of 1973/4 and the overall downturn within the financial system, decreased the development that used to be being made.
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1. Accident studies during the first year of operation of the motorway indicated that for each casualty on the motorway, about 3112 were saved on other roads as a result of transference of traffic; the savings were generally in line with those predicted9 • There was, understandably, a considerable public and professional interest in this, the first substantial length of motorway in Britain, and a conference on it was held at the Institution of Civil Engineers in the spring of 1960; papers were included on the general plan for motorways, on the economic and traffic studies just mentioned and on the design and the construction of both the Luton-Dunchurch section and the St Albans by-pass.
DRAKE J. Road plan for Lancashire. Lancs CC, Preston, 1949. 12. SELECT COMMITTEE OF THE HOUSE OF LORDS. Report on the prevention of road accidents. HMSO, London, 1939. 13. JEFFREYS R. The King's highway. Batchworth Press, London, 1959. 1. Motorway standards proposed by Aldington in 1945 6 Design speed Formation width Marginal strip Carriageway Verge Central reservation Curves Gradients Lay-bys 75 mile/h (interestingly, Aldington thought it was doubtful whether a driver should expect to travel continuously on a motorway faster than 60 mile/h).
Institution of Municipal and County Engineers, London, 1943. 3. INSTITUTION OF HIGHWAY ENGINEERS. The post-war development of highways. Institution of Highway Engineers, London, 1943. 4. COMMITTEE ON LAND UTILIZATION IN RURAL AREAS (The Lord Justice Scott Committee). Report. Command 6378. HMSO, London, 1942. 5. BRITISH ROAD FEDERATION. Roads and road transport. British Road Federation, London, 1944. 6. INSTITUTION OF AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERS. The post-war development of road motor transport. Section I, roads; Section 11, progress of motor vehicle design and construction; Section Ill, traffic.